As a modern day JavaScript developer working with Node.js and NPM, it has been always any developer’s case to clean up local node modules sometimes when local build is broken. It is a tedious tasks to cleanup %appData%\npm-cache  to do a fresh install of all the modules again. Depending on the number of modules your project have, you will get stuck up for few minutes to hours to complete npm module installation depending on your Internet bandwidth.

Another scenario we can think of it on a build server or CI server, where we need to cleanup the entire modules during each build process, and ‘npm install’ would be like a fresh start, would take longer time to have your build complete.

What if we have a simple way of caching these packages locally, so that we do not have to download again from Internet every-time.  I will help you with a simple solution, that once setup will resolve some of these problems effectively.

Introducing Local-NPM


local-npm is a Node server that acts as a local npm registry. It serves modules, caches them, and updates them whenever they change. Basically it’s a local mirror, but without having to replicate the entire npm registry.

This allows your npm install commands to (mostly) work off-line. Also, your NPM modules  get faster and faster over time, as commonly-installed modules are aggressively cached.

local-npm acts as a proxy between you and the main npm registry. You run npm install commands like normal, but under the hood, all requests are sent through the local server.

 

Getting Started with Local-NPM:

Step 1: Install the module ‘local-npm’

$ npm install –g local-npm

Step 2: launch local-npm  and this will start the local npm server
$ local-npm

This will start the local npm server at localhost:5080.
http://127.0.0.1:5080

PS: Please note that, this step would take some time as this module tried to replicate the entire NPM repository remote skimdb to the local couchdb instance for efficient caching. But it will not eat up your disk space, as it caches modules based on usage only, it will not replicate the entire NPM repository.

Step 3: Validate the local-NPM registry

There is a basic NPMJS like UI to browse through local packages which can be accessed through.

http://localhost:5080/_browse.

Step 4: Then set npm to point to the local server:

$ npm set registry http://127.0.0.1:5080

Step 5: run  “npm install” of your modules and you can see that local-NPM caches these modules that you regularly use.

Incase, to switch back to default NPMJS registry, you can do:

$ npm set registry https://registry.npmjs.org

How it works?

npm is built on top of Apache CouchDB (a No-SQL db), so local-npm works by replicating the full “skimdb” database to a local PouchDB Server.

You can inspect the running database at http://127.0.0.1:16984/_utils.

References

To understand more on local-NPM and documentation visit the module repository in github@https://github.com/local-npm/local-npm